Terrorism and its most infamous organizations
Analyzing terrorism as the most dangerous and violent phenomenon of today, for which the international community still has not found a solution, is truly a challenge and requires an urgent and adequate response.
American anti-terrorist politics are aimed at eliminating terrorism evils and threats to the values of modern democracy and humanity. However, no matter how much money we spend, terrorism is still alive and present.
Recent comments by Russian President Vladimir Putin, in which he called for a joint US-Russian fight against terrorism, have reopened talks on security and radicalism.
The world is in need of an in-depth study of this issue, the co-operation of the world’s leading security, legal, financial, military experts, but also political will to put terrorism discourse in front of their own benefits and interests.
Recent progress of human rights, multiculturalism, and democracy, faces a global threat personified in the names of organizations like the Islamic State, Boko Haram, Al-Qaeda, etc. Thanks to technology, we witnessed numerous cases of atrocities committed by terrorist groups with the intention of spreading fear and panic.
Terrorism is not a new phenomenon
The international community was caught off-guard many times in the past by those violent acts, although it had a pretty good idea of the capabilities of these individuals.
Throughout history, the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), Hamas (Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood), Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), the Irish Republican Army (IRA), the Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK), and many others, could and should have been a warning that there is a possibility of new organizations emerging.
Terrorist organizations today, aware of the power of modern technology, the influence of the media, and especially social networks reach future followers and sympathizers and propagate their goals in a fast, easily accessible, and inexpensive way.
For this reason, terrorists should no longer be seen as deluded oppressors, who fight with outdated medieval methods in order to achieve their goal or draw attention.
Modern Terrorism and Transnationality
The main feature of modern terrorism is - transnationality.
The creation of organizations, both international and regional (eg the European Union), due to the opening of borders and easing of their control regimes, has contributed to the increased risk of terrorist attacks.
It is important to mention the infiltration of terrorists, who are joining the large mass of refugees fleeing war-torn countries, primarily Syria, and their difficult integration into European society.
It is clear that this time the terrorist organizations decided on a slightly different and more subtle approach to actions.
Who are the terrorists?
Terrorism is almost exclusively associated with religious extremism, although the numbers and statistics say otherwise.
Many organizations and prominent individuals of these religiously based organizations, in reality, have political, separatist, expansionist, and nationalist goals.
One of the main issues that the global community is facing recently, presents the fact that terrorism continues to attract high numbers of young people from Western society (mostly Europe). A bigger problem is the fact that new generations of terrorists, although born and raised in modern societies, fail to assimilate and accept the features of such a society.
Analyzes show that from 2011 to 2014, between 25,000 and 30,000 fighters went to fight on the battlefields in Syria and Iraq on the side of the terrorists (21% from Europe).
Terrorist groups most often include socially alienated people, whose only purpose of existence is belonging to that group and loyalty to its goals, so-called - subcultural syndrome. Each subculture is composed of a set of norms, values, and patterns of behavior that distinguishes that group from other members of society, and terrorist groups are included in the criminal subculture characterized by dissatisfaction and violent resistance.
Members of terrorist groups are people who are dissatisfied with their lives, feel that they can achieve a true purpose only by belonging to a group, and see all the people outside the group as enemies, which makes it easier for them to dehumanize the victims.
Conclusion and what the future holds?
Terrorism does not always have the same goal, methods, or means of execution, but its consequences are always almost the same: violation of human rights and destruction of human lives and property.
The latest forms of terrorism indicate its rapid adaptation and modernist approach, which allow it to be omnipresent and widely approachable. By invoking religious authorities and dogmas, modern terrorism has created a new form of manipulating with deepest human feelings, consciously and intentionally turning those people into unprecedented terrorists and murderers.
To sum up, although it seems that terrorists have reduced their activities with the emergence of global health problems, this is by no means true and the international community should in no way reduce its actions to combat this evil phenomenon.
Terrorism happens to everyone and nobody is safe.